Totalitarian governments monitor the media and control it via secret police, monitoring cameras, incentivizing (snitching to the government), propaganda (visual, auditory, etc. – think MSM), execution of anti-regime (“accidents”), and they advocate the limiting of the freedoms of speech, press, assembly, religion – in the name of “protecting the country.” They will move to limit access to other countries and any of their military might or power, and will demean the leaders of countries seen previously as allies. Hitler made it a point to enforce strict control over the media, because he wanted people to hear only his opinions or points of view, and then to control information that was contrary or harmful to his regime. He wanted all the power, over everything. Anyone in disagremment was made to look the fool, and his media takeover made sure of this. Sound familiar? The prime mover in censorship was the Minister of Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels. It was his responsibility to see that the German people were fed with material acceptable to the Nazi state. Newspapers, radio and all forms of media were put under the control of the Nazis. Even the film industry became controlled by the Nazis where the leading light was Leni Riefenstahl – who, though favored by Hitler, did not enjoy a good relationship with Goebbels. Music was controlled by the Nazis. Music by Gustav Mahler and Felix Mendelssohn was banned as they were both Jews. Jazz was also banned. Even telling jokes about Hitler became a serious offense – one to send you to the concentration camps and potentially death. Censorship was enforced by a number of methods. First, the secret police or the ‘normal’ police ensured that the rules were kept to. Secondly, anyone who wanted to go outside of the desired party norm faced the most serious of consequences. Third, people in general were expected to report anything unacceptable to their local party chief. Those who knew something but did not report it were deemed as guilty as those who went against the system. Censorship ensured that the Nazis had the German public in their grip as they bombarded them on a daily basis on how their lives had been improved from the day Hitler became Germany’s leader.
Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.
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[by Dawna Bowles (C)2014-15] all photography, poetry, and stories are (C) unless posted otherwise.